A lengthy introduction sets forth National Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy. These include the protection of human rights, gender balance and fair representation of marginalised groups, the right to development, recognition of the role of women in society, and the recognition of the dignity of persons with disabilities. These principles are further enumerated in Chapter IV, which provides for the right to life (except in cases of death penalty), liberty, property and privacy, freedom of religion, expression and assembly. The State shall take affirmative action in favour of "marginalised" groups and women (Arts. 32 and 33). Under a state of emergency there shall be no derogation from the right to an order of habeas corpus and a fair hearing, nor from the freedom from slavery and torture. Art. 51 establishes a Uganda Human Rights Commission with the function of investigating human rights abuses. Chapters 6-8 cover the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary respectively. Chapter 10 relates to the Public Service; Chapter 12 deals with National Security, including the Uganda Police Force. Chapter 16 provides for limited powers of traditional leaders. The operation of existing laws shall not be affected by the coming into force of the Constitution (Art. 273).